Securing Our Future: Report of the Commission on HIV AIDS and Governance in Africa
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National resources should be committed to the AIDS response which should be linked to the broader development planning effort. In addition regional and international commitments should be implemented and translated into national plans of action. The long term goals of reversing the spread of HIV and providing care and support to millions of people infected and affected by the epidemic cannot be achieved without stronger public sector performance and a responsive governance regime.
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Reduce, reuse, recycle: young Ghanaians say yes to less 20 September Unwavering care for people who inject drugs on the streets of Glasgow 18 September The epidemics in Africa reflect a strong gender disparity There is a strong relationship between the subordination of women and girls in society and extreme vulnerability to HIV infection. Growing number of children infected and affected by HIV presents a challenge to development The number of children infected and affected by AIDS will increase in the coming years.
Prevention must remain priority A sense of urgency must be brought to HIV prevention which to be effective requires a combination of tools that address the various routes of infection and enables those at risk to access them along with sustained prevention messages about HIV transmission. Inadequate human resources constrains treatment and care The main challenge to scaling up HIV treatment and care and strengthening African health care systems is the lack of human and financial resources.
Coordinated, predictable, long term and transparent AIDS financing African governments should improve their public expenditure management to meet minimum performance standards including, fiduciary standards.
HIV / AIDS Papers
Leadership at all levels needs to be reinvigorated and sustained as part of a coordinated response National resources should be committed to the AIDS response which should be linked to the broader development planning effort. Red Ribbon. World renowned aids activist, Nkosi Johnson. Some sources say that the jump of the disease from animals to humans was made even earlier in the s, others claim it was later than the s. At this stage doctors believed that the disease only affected gay men.
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December, It becomes clear that the disease affects other population groups, when the first cases of PCP are reported in injecting drug users. In Uganda, doctors were seeing the first cases of a new, fatal wasting disease.
This illness soon became known locally as 'slim'. June, A report of a group of cases amongst gay men in Southern California suggested that the disease might be caused by an infectious agent that was sexually transmitted. December, A month old child who had received multiple transfusions of blood and blood products died from infections related to AIDS.
The National Security Implications of HIV/AIDS
This case provided clearer evidence that AIDS was caused by an infectious agent, and it also caused additional concerns about the safety of the blood supply. There were also cases reported from Australia and two suspected cases in Japan.
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The Rwandan study concluded that, "an association of an urban environment, a relatively high income, and heterosexual promiscuity could be a risk factor for AIDS in Africa". The Zairian study found there to be a "strong indication of heterosexual transmission". In many countries a separate "epidemic of fear" and prejudice begins e.
The CDC removed Haitians from their list of AIDS risk groups, in light of information that suggested both heterosexual contact and exposure to contaminated needles played a role in transmission.
Knowledge of transmission routes changes again, when the first report appeared of the transmission of the virus from mother to child through breast feeding. Western scientists became much more aware of the "slim disease" that had become increasingly common in South West Uganda since The site and timing of the first reported cases suggested that the disease arose in neighboring Tanzania. Some scientists who studied slim concluded: "Although slim disease resembles AIDS in many ways, it seems to be a new entity. October, Movie actor Rock Hudson becomes first major public figure known to have died of Aids.
Uganda begins promoting sexual behaviour change in response to AIDS.