Natural Disaster Research
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From a public finance perspective, disasters cause governments to incur additional spending on various emergency management activities, and by disrupting normal business activities they also affect tax base robustness and cause revenue losses.
The question is: How significant are these fiscal effects and how do they affect hazards governance more generally? Furthermore, how disaster costs are shared among different levels of government is another important question concerning the intergovernmental dynamics of disaster management.
In the U. Under the Stafford Act, the federal government plays a critical role in funding disaster-related programs e. This raises a set of issues concerning the equity and efficiency of the U.
Research topic: natural disasters and the fire service
Managing disasters involves multiphased activities to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from disaster shocks. There is a common belief that the federal government inappropriately spends far more on ex post disaster response, relief, and recovery than what it spends on ex ante mitigation and preparedness, often driven by political motivations e.
As pointed out by many others, federal disaster relief and assistance distort the subnational incentive to invest in local disaster prevention and mitigation efforts.
Furthermore, given the mounting evidence on the cost-effectiveness of disaster mitigation programs in reducing future disaster damages, the current practice of focusing resources on postdisaster assistance means substantial public welfare losses. In recent years there has been a call for the federal government to shift its disaster policy emphasis toward mitigation and preparedness and also to facilitate local efforts on mitigation. To achieve the goal requires a comprehensive reform in government budgeting for emergency management. Keywords: natural disasters , public finance , emergency management , preparedness , mitigation , response , recovery , budgeting , intergovernmental relations , federalism.vibapire.tk
Natural Disasters News -- ScienceDaily
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But could this effect be intentionally recreated The work further unpacks the physics driving geologic faults, They caused cooling and -- as a new study shows -- to drying in the monsoon regions and glaciers growing in the Alps. The study shows Friday, September 6,